(De los autores / From the authors)
El proyecto Ginkgo combina arte, tecnología y arquitectura con el objeto de integrar un grupo residencial en el entorno natural que ofrece el parque existente en sus inmediaciones.
/ Ginkgo project combines art, technology and architecture to integrate a housing complex in the nature of the existing park located in front.
/ The project is located near the natural park of Veluwe in the Netherlands with views over an old church and the central park of the small town. The urban structure of Beekbergen, much like most small towns in the Netherlands, is composed mainly of large single family houses that are not affordable for young people or suitable for older people with mobility problems.
/ Ginkgo project explores the possibilities of providing affordable housing for different target groups thanks to its compact housing complex, which is physically and visually integrated in its context.The site is an interesting space located between two zones with very different characters: a green park on one side and an urban, post-war neighborhood built in the 50's on the other side. The program consists of apartments to sell, basically for starters and people over the age of 65 and park-houses to rent.
/ The transparency of the facade facing the park including the long balconies along the apartment block and generous terracing of the park-houses connect the dwellings both visually and physically with the park. The glazed facade has been specially designed with a print of Ginkgo Biloba tree leaves of different green and yellow tones that react to the constant changing light of the sky creating very special effects, reflections, shadows and silhouettes, depending on the time of the day and the season of the year. This enables privacy along the balconies and terraces, while ensuring visual connection between the outdoor spaces and the park.
/ Almost each printed panel of the facade is unique in order to avoid visual repetition creating a natural and organic continuous image of vegetation that wraps across the whole facade. The printed glazed facade works as a virtual green facade that integrates the building into the greenery of the park and reduces its visual impact in the surroundings, thus giving to the building an iconic image of lightness and immateriality.
/ This skin wrapping the building along its front responds to the urban character of its context. The proportions of the openings of the facade and the use of brick that creates a more massive appearance to the building help the project to establish a subtle dialog with the existing post-war buildings in the neighborhood.
2. Las viviendas unifamiliares / 2. The park-houses
Factores ecológicos del proyecto / Ecological features of the project
/ The remarkable high density of the project compared with the neighbour detached and semi-detached houses, not only creates high quality affordable apartments for young people in the town, but also reduces in more than 80% the footprint of the building, minimizes its environmental impact and preserves the nearby valuable natural environment. The project is designed as a very compact building with a minimum façade surface and a maximum thermal isolation value to minimize the thermal loses in winter, while it is provided with sun screens and long balconies along the south and west façades that work as natural solar protection in summer.
Materiales sostenibles / Green materials
/ The project has been built with durable materials that require low maintenance, some of them produced following an industrialized recycling process and most of them easy to recycle, such as the façade elements and window frames, which are made of 60% recycled aluminium and that can be 100% recycled afterwards. Wooden elements have FSC label that ensures that the used forest products are from responsibly harvested areas and verified sources. Extensive use of prefabricated materials and of dry connections reduces energy use and waste during the building construction and makes it eventual replacements of elements or future demolitions easier.